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Establishing a private limited liability company in Norway
Christian Lyngholm Fjeldsøe - Lawyer30. September 2022 4 min read

Establishing a private limited liability company in Norway

Interested in setting up a private limited liability company (LLC) in Norway? For foreign companies considering this, there may be several challenges. Firstly, access to Norwegian registration portals is restricted. Secondly, many applications and electronic resources are solely in Norwegian. In this blog, we detail the procedure foreign companies need to adhere to in order to establish a private limited liability company in Norway, along with avenues for assistance.

How to establish a business in Norway - electronic registration via Altinn

Establishing a company in Norway is easy for Norwegian residents who can use the internet portal “Altinn”. This allows a company to be registered by submitting an electronic form. However, foreigners with the same mission may experience challenges as they are neither in the Norwegian registers, nor Altinn users. Additionally, much of the registration process for a Norwegian company is conducted in the Norwegian language.

Also read: Permanent establishment in Norway

The following steps are required when you are looking to establish a private limited liability company in Norway:

1) Prepare the incorporation documents in compliance with Norwegian law

To register a Norwegian private limited liability company, a foundation document is needed as well as a set of articles of association. Preparing the documents in compliance with Norwegian law is essential.

One of the details about Norwegian law foreigners should pay extra attention to, is the requirements to the board members. Under Norwegian law, at least half the members of the board of directors shall reside in Norway. Alternatively, at least half of the members of the board of directors must be EU / EEA citizens and reside in the EU or EEA. Furthermore, in some cases the board members must sign a statement confirming that they accept their position as board members.

Foreigners should also be aware that a share capital of at least NOK 30 000 is required to establish a Norwegian private limited liability company. We get back to this below.

Ask us for help establishing your business in Norway

2) Obtain a proof of paid share capital

Norwegian register authorities need proof that the company has a share capital of at least NOK 30 000. Although, Norwegian law allows for companies to be established by using other assets than money as the share capital, using money as the share capital is the easiest way to meet the share capital requirement in many cases.

A proof that the company has a sufficient share capital can be obtained from a Norwegian lawyer. The lawyer should also be able to provide guidance on requirements to be able to issue the proof.

3) Complete the registration documents

Registering a private limited liability company requires a coordinated register notification. It is important to complete the document correctly to avoid Norwegian authorities refusing to register the company. The board members specified in the coordinated register notification need to match the board members specified in the foundation document.

The form will ask for the board members’ personal identification numbers. Foreign board members who do not have a Norwegian personal identification number should request a D-number to be able to be registered as the company’s board members.

To get a D-number a copy of a valid identification document is needed. The identification document must contain a photo, full name, birth data, gender, expiry date, citizenship, and control lines. A copy of a passport or a national ID-card should be sufficient. The copy must be confirmed with original signature and stamp from the agency providing the confirmation. This could be either:

  • a Norwegian public authority
  • a Norwegian lawyer
  • a Norwegian authorised accountant
  • a Norwegian authorised or registered auditor
  • a Nordic police authority
  • Nordic embassies
  • a foreign entity with notary public competence

4) Send the documents to the Norwegian register authorities

The final step in the process of registering a Norwegian private limited liability company, is of course to send all the documents to the Norwegian register authorities. Expect the process to take longer when registering a company with a paper form as opposed to an online registration.

Any mistakes in the documents may result in Norwegian authorities returning the documents to the sender without registering the company. Once the mistakes have been corrected, the documents can be sent back to Norwegian authorities to have them process the registration anew.

Also read: Register a company in Norway

5) What happens after registration?

Once successfully registered, the company will receive an organisation number. Board members who did not have a D-number originally, will receive a D-number. The D-number is needed for the board members to order codes and get access to Altinn on behalf of the company.

If the company was not registered in the VAT register at the same time as registration of the company, then an assessment should be made of whether to VAT register the company. A Norwegian Private Limited Liability company may also need or benefit from having a Norwegian accountant. Whether to register a Norwegian accountant may also be a matter to assess after successful registration of the company.

This is how you seek help in establishing a private limited liability company

Given the complexity of the registration process, we advise seeking legal counsel before proceeding. At Magnus Legal, we specialize in corporate law and possess extensive experience guiding foreign companies through registrations, tax matters, VAT, labor law, and providing legal services for expats and multinational companies.

Ask us for help establishing your business in Norway

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Christian Lyngholm Fjeldsøe - Lawyer

Christian’s specialty is tax law. He has experience working with international tax law for foreign companies with activity in Norway and Norwegians with periods of work abroad. In addition, he works with social security law, residence permits and property settlements.

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